Orthodontics is a special field of dentistry. The specialty deals primarily with the diagnosis, prevention and correction of malpositioned teeth and the jaws. Orthodontic treatment can focus on dental displacement only, or deal with the control and modification of facial growth (dentofacial orthopedics. Various prosthesis can be used such as dental barces, dental plates, retainers, headgear, etc. In diagnosis and treatment planning, the orthodontist must:
- Recognize the various characteristics of a malocclusion or dentofacial deformity;
- Define the nature of the problem, including the etiology if possible;
- Design a treatment strategy based on the specific needs and desires of the individual; and
- Present the treatment strategy to the patient in such a way that the patient fully understands the ramifications of his/her decision.