Orthodontics is a special field of dentistry which deals primarily with the diagnosis, prevention and correction of mispositioned teeth and misaligned jaws. Orthodontic treatment can focus on dental displacement only, or deal with the control and modification of facial growth (dentofacial orthopedics). Various prosthesis can be used including dental braces, dental plates, retainers, headgear, etc. In diagnosis and treatment planning, the orthodontist must:
- Recognize the various characteristics of a malocclusion or dentofacial deformity;
- Define the nature of the problem, including the etiology if possible;
- Design a treatment strategy based on the specific needs and desires of the individual; and
- Present the treatment strategy to the patient in such a way that the patient fully understands the ramifications of his/her decision.
Who Needs It?
Occlusion problems occur when there is too much space between upper and lower teeth when mouth is fully closed, when your lips are not parallel when you close your mouth, or when there is too much or too little space between the neighboring teeth. If you have any of these conditions, you are a candidate for orthodontic treatment.
Although best results are achieved in pediatric and young adult age groups, elderly people can also benefit from orthodontic treatment.
After the diagnosis of the problem, various prosthesis such as dental braces, dental plates, retainers, headgear, etc. can be used according to problem. Some of the prostheses such as dental braces will need to be done in dental laboratories according to your measurements. Additionally, once a prosthesis is applied, periodic controls and adjustments are needed according to the abnormality. These adjustments can be done in your home country as well as in Turkey.
Important points/Adverse Effects
If you have any allergies, you must inform your physician so that these materials are not present in your prosthesis. Apart from this, there are no adverse effects or contraindications of orthodontic treatment.