Orthodontics is a special field of dentistry. The specialty deals primarily with the diagnosis, prevention and correction of malpositioned teeth and the jaws. Orthodontic treatment can focus on dental displacement only, or deal with the control and modification of facial growth (dentofacial orthopedics. Various prosthesis can be used such as dental braces, dental plates, retainers, headgear, etc. In diagnosis and treatment planning, the orthodontist must:
- Recognize the various characteristics of a malocclusion or dentofacial deformity;
- Define the nature of the problem, including the etiology if possible;
- Design a treatment strategy based on the specific needs and desires of the individual; and
- Present the treatment strategy to the patient in such a way that the patient fully understands the ramifications of his/her decision.
Who Needs It?
If you have occlusion problems i.e. there remains too much space between upper and lower teeth when mouth i fully closed, your lips are not parallel when you close your mouth; or there are irregularities between your teeth (too much or too little space between the neighboring teeth, irregularly erupted teeth, etc. You are a candidate of orthodontic treatment.
Although best results are achieved in pediatric and young adult age groups, elderly people can also benefit from orthodontic treatment.
After the definition of the problem various prosthesis can be used such as dental braces, dental plates, retainers, headgear, etc. according to problem. Some of the prostheses such as dental braces need to be done in dental laboratories according to your measurements. Once prosthesis is applied, periodic controls and adjustments are needed according to the abnormality. These controls can also be done in your home country as well as in Turkey.
Important points/Adverse Effects
If you have any known allergy to any material, you must inform your physician so that these materials should not be present on your prosthesis. Apart from this there are no adverse effects or contraindications of orthodontic treatment.