Heart is an organ that runs non-stop for 24 hours and needs more oxygen than any other organ in our body. In recent years, people's complaints about heart have been increasing and the importance of heart health is better understood. The diseases that are related to heart, namely cardiovascular diseases, are at the top of the list of life-threatening diseases.
What are the Most Common Cardiovascular Diseases?
Coronary Artery Disease: There are three main vascular systems that feed the heart. The internal surfaces of these vascular systems might be damaged over the years due to high cholesterol, high blood pressure or smoking. When these reach a critical level, symptoms such as chest pain, shortness of breath and jaw pain occur.
Heart Valve Diseases: Heart valve diseases can occur in different ways. Most people with heart valve disease may not understand symptoms for many years. Symptoms of heart valve disease may include irregular heartbeat, shortness of breath, fatigue and heart murmur.
Heart Attack: A heart attack is a serious medical emergency in which the supply of blood to the heart is suddenly blocked, usually by a blood clot. If one of the vessels becomes clogged and does not get enough oxygen, a heart attack will occur. A heart attack can start with a heartache. With severe pain in the chest; nausea, vomiting, sweating and sometimes fainting and loss of consciousness occur.
Heart Hole: Holes in the heart are problems with the heart's structure. There are two reasons for the formation of a heart hole, the first of which is congenital. The latter may occur after a heart attack in adulthood. These defects, namely heart holes, change the normal flow of blood through the heart.
What are the Symptoms of Cardiovascular Diseases?
-If you are getting easily tired when you walk long distances,
-If you feel a burning sensation in your chest when you walk,
-If you feel a pressure in your chest,
-If you feel pain on your chest while walking fast,
-If you are getting tired of the weight and numbness of my left arm while walking,
-If you have pain, pressure, numbness and tingling in the chest, the neck, arm, left wrist, finger,
Then you should see your doctor immediately as these are the most common symptoms of cardiovascular diseases.
How Can I Protect Myself from Cardiovascular Diseases?
Diet: To protect your heart, you should follow a diet rich in fiber, antioxidant, monounsaturated fat. Especially foods containing omega-3 fatty acids are heart-healthy as they reduce blood clot formation and prevent the hardening of the arteries. In addition, daily salt consumption should be kept below 5 grams. Trans fats should be avoided and, if possible, no processed foods should be consumed.
Exercise: Nowadays, we all have started moving less because of the technology, escalators and elevators. However, the lack of physical activity is one of the important risk factors in cardiovascular diseases. For example, you should try taking the stairs instead of a lift. Or at least 3 days a week for 30 minutes, you should exercise for your heart health.
Stay away from stress: Stress, anger and depression … All these increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases. If you are under stress, first the reasons that put you in trouble should be examined. If you have difficulty in handling these problems, you should get assistance from an expert. Some relaxation techniques and psychotherapy may also help to protect heart health.
Check-up: People who do not always complain about their heart health may have the most threatening cardiovascular diseases. Sometimes the clues may not be interpreted as a sign of cardiovascular disease. In such cases, the patient's life can be rescued through early diagnosis because the risk of cardiovascular disease can be detected with a total check-up.